Largely bypassing what were believed to be hopelessly corrupt Mexican police and judicial institutions, the Clinton administration turned instead to developing partnerships with the Mexican military. Among other things, the U.
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Despite these expenditures, the flow of illegal drugs from Mexico has not been reduced significantly. A key component of U. Even though Mexico is consistently certified, the process has led to rancorous debate both within the administration and with Congress in the last two years. Spectacular cases of corruption among Mexican military and civilian authorities have fanned the flames of congressional drug warriors bent on decertifying Mexico. Meanwhile, the certification process, intended to leverage greater cooperation from other countries, has become a major irritant in U.
Mexico sees the process as unilateral, hypocritical, and particularly offensive because the U. Unlike drug policy, bilateral economic relations have ceased to be an issue of much public debate within U. Yet the absence of public debate should not cloud the fact that bilateral economic relations—and greater economic integration, in particular—continue to be the centerpiece of U. The agreement joined Mexico, the U. But the high expectations it generated have failed to materialize. Despite sparking record trade levels and foreign investment, economic integration has also linked Mexico to an increasingly volatile global economy.
For example, the Asian and Russian financial crises have rebounded negatively toward Mexico, eroding investor confidence in most developing countries. Current U. It undermines peace and prosperity in Mexico by pursuing failed counternarcotics and economic integration strategies.